Recovery from mTBI may occur over a few days or weeks without intervention. There are some things you can do to facilitate getting better:

  • get plenty of sleep at night
  • avoid doing physically or cognitively demanding activities for a few days
  • take rest breaks during the day
  • avoid alcohol, drugs and tobacco
  • do one thing at a time rather than trying to multitask
  • return to usual activities gradually, remembering to not overdo it (this includes work; talk with your employer)
  • take notes to help with remembering things

If symptoms continue, talk to your health care provider about referral to a TBI specialist.

Moderate to Severe TBI

Man Having Video Chat With Doctor

Recovery from moderate to severe TBI may require inpatient and/or outpatient rehabilitation and may include seeing a physician specializing in brain injury, as well as specialized nurses, physical, occupational and speech therapists, a mental health provider and/or a vocational counselor.


As noted above, recovery from mTBI may take only a few days to a few months. Recovery from a more severe injury may continue over many years. Recovery is most rapid in the first 6 months after injury and, while the rate of recovery slows, there may be noticeable improvement in the first 2 years. Recovery may continue over many years at a slower rate.